Cooloola Shire Council is a Local Government Area in Queensland, Australia. The shire covers the area along the Queensland coast between Noosa and Maryborough. The administrative centre of the shire is Gympie.
Other towns in the shire include;
* Rainbow Beach,
* Tin Can Bay.
The Cooloola area was originally settled for grazing purposes. The discovery of gold in 1867 lead to a gold rush and the development of the Mary River valley for closer agricultural pursuits.
The shire was established in 1993 as a result of the amalgamation of the Gympie City Council and Widgee Shire Council.