Pukatja (formerly Ernabella) (26.2925° S 132.1283° E) is an Aboriginal community in the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Lands in South Australia, comprising one of the six main communities on “The Lands” (the others being Amata, Pipalyatjara, Fregon/ Kaltjiti, Indulkana and Mimili).
Pukatja is in the eastern Musgrave Ranges, west of the Stuart Highway, about 30 km south of the Northern Territory border. The community sits at an elevation of 676 metres.
Pukatja is about 1400 km by road from Adelaide, including 200 km on unsealed roads.
Climate records for Ernabella / Pukatja have been kept since 1971.
Pukatja experiences summer maximum temperatures of an average of 34.5 degrees celsius in January and a winter maximum average temperature of 17.8 degrees celsius in June. Overnight lows range from a mean minimum temperature of 19.6 degrees in January to 3.3 degrees in June.
Annual rainfall averages 275.2 millimetres.