Boneo is a rural locality south of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, located south of and inland from Rosebud on the Mornington Peninsula. Its Local Government Area is the Shire of Mornington Peninsula.
It is dominated by the Boneo Flats, where market gardens and pastures are located. It contains a recreation reserve, community hall and primary school. A market also operates on the third Saturday of every month.
The eastern part of the locality, alongside Main Creek, is part of the Mornington Peninsula National Park called Greens Bush, a native bushland area first set aside for conservation in 1974 and supporting the largest population of Eastern Grey Kangaroos on the Mornington Peninsula. Several walking tracks provide access to the area.